Hemorrhoids – causes, symptoms and treatment

Placeholder Image

What are Hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoid veins are located around anus or in the lower rectum (rectum is the final section of the large intestine, terminating at the anus). When they become swollen, the veins walls are stretched and cause an irritating pain. We could term Hemorrhoids as swollen blood vessels (veins in particular) located around the anus or rectum. Hemorrhoids are also known as piles.

Types of Hemorrhoids:

Internal Hemorrhoids:
Internal Hemorrhoids are found deep inside the rectum. We cannot feel them because there are only few pain-sensing nerves available in the rectum. We can sense internal hemorrhoids only through light bleeding. But when internal hemorrhoids enlarge, swollen nature of the veins will extend till the anus. We can feel the enlarged internal hemorrhoids as anus has abundant pain-sensing nerves. The skin of the affected area will appear pinkie than the other surrounding area.

External Hemorrhoids:
External Hemorrhoids have their presence inside the anus. It is heavily painful as anus has plenty of pain-sensing nerves (as stated above). Enlarged external hemorrhoids result in blood clotting, and this condition is called thrombosis. Thrombosis turn the veins’ color either to blue or purple, but the condition is not considered serious as it is easily treatable. Operations are performed to remove external hemorrhoids only if the condition is very serious.

Even though the exact reason for hemorrhoids is not exactly known, we could name some reasons that cause hemorrhoids.

1. Aging

2. Pregnancy

3. Obesity

4. Chronic Diarrhea

5. Sitting in a same place for long time

6. Coughing

7. Sneezing


1. Bleeding is uncommon, but it could be considered as a rare symptom.

2. Painful bowel movement

3. severe itching around the anus

4. pain around the anus

5. irritation around the anus

A visual examination on the physical nature of the anus might be enough to diagnosis hemorrhoids. However, Doctors usually perform digital rectal test to conclude their decision on hemorrhoids. In this test, doctors insert a lubricated gloved fidget into the rectum, and in case of they find anything abnormal, they might order to do one additional test called Sigmoidoscopy. In Sigmoidoscopy, doctors insert a tube with camera into the rectum to have a detailed view of the rectum and the area around anus.

Treatment Options:

Pain Relief:
We could minimize the pain by soaking ourselves into the warm water tub for 10 minutes on daily basis.

Surgery is the option for extreme cases.

Standing by the proverb “Prevention is better than Cure”, some of the hemorrhoids preventive steps are highlight below.

1. Intake more water and stay hydrated.
2. Eat healthy foods. Intake more vegetables and fruits.
3. Do exercise on daily basis.